Anything God Grows Heals by Valerie Brown Cheers

Rhodiola kirilowii yellow flower flowers flowerhead tibetan sacred herb perennial medicinal plant

Just got an article from dated today’s date March 30, 2015 which proves that the Rhodiola flower is and can be used as an antidepressant alternative.

March 30 2015. The March 15, 2015 issue of the journal Phytomedicine published the outcome of a trial which found a benefit for Rhodiola rosea in major depressive disorder (MDD). The study is the first randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled comparison of rhodiola and a pharmaceutical antidepressant for mild to moderate MDD.

It reads as: “Acting on the hypothesis that rhodiola would have similar benefits as the antidepressant sertraline with fewer side effects, Jun J. Mao, MD, MSCE and colleagues divided 57 depressed subjects into groups that received standardized R. rosea extract, sertraline or a placebo for 12 weeks.  Depressive symptoms, such as insomnia, weight loss or gain, and inability to concentrate were rated before and after treatment.

In comparison with the placebo group, participants who received sertraline had 1.9 times the chance of experiencing improvement in their symptoms by the end of the study, while those who received rhodiola had 1.4 times the odds. However, rhodiola was associated with less than half the risk of adverse effects, including nausea and sexual dysfunction, than those associated with sertraline. “These findings suggest that R. rosea, although less effective than sertraline, may possess a more favorable risk to benefit ratio for individuals with mild to moderate depression,” the authors concluded.

“These results are a bit preliminary but suggest that herbal therapy may have the potential to help patients with depression who cannot tolerate conventional antidepressants due to side effects,” commented Dr Mao, who is an associate professor of Family Medicine, Community Health and Epidemiology at the Perelman School of Medicine of University of Pennsylvania. “Larger studies will be needed to fully evaluate the benefit and harm of R. rosea as compared to conventional antidepressants.”

http://www.lef.org/WhatsHot/2015/3/March-Whats-Hot-Articles/Page-01#Rhodiola-promising-as-antidepressant-alternative

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Humans Are Organisms Too by Terrence Blake Alexander Gooden

Humans Are Organisms, Too

By Terrence Gooden

I feel that my role as a human organism in our schoolyard ecosystem is a lazy job.  I feel this way because I litter too!  My schoolyard ecosystem includes: soda cans, candy wrappers, six-pack rings which hold soda cans, and animal traps.  The interactions I would change are to walk a little further to a trashcan.  I would change that interaction because, if I leave trash all over Tower Grove Park then it would attract unwanted animals.  My interactions I would keep the same would be throwing bread to the animals and making birdhouses.

The harmful effect I feel other human interactions have had on our schoolyard ecosystems include: throwing charcoal from barbequing.  Also, cutting the grass can be helpful and sometimes, it can be bad because some animal’s homes are on or can be in the leaves.  The reason I believe the interaction between me and friends, causes a harmful effect because we trap tiny bugs from getting to where they need to be by throwing soda cans on the ground.

The beneficial effect interactions already present in our schoolyard are: trashcans, birdhouses, and planting more trees.  The beneficial effects we can add to our schoolyard ecosystems are: make sure to pick up litter, don’t dig in the dirt, and don’t pull plants out of the ground.  We can do this by taking ten minutes to look around Tower Grove Park to pick up litter.  One way to change littering on the ground is by throwing away my trash in the trashcan. I would encourage others to help by calling them to tell them to take ten minutes of the day to pick up litter. Also, me and my friends can get together to build birdhouses.  

Another way we can help the ecosystem is to install cameras in public parks and places to see if people are littering, then if they do litter be given a fine.  In conclusion another way to save the ecosystem is to buy more recycle bins for all schools.

 

To Be A Tree Or Not To Be ~ Valerie Brown Cheers

Diminish Prison Visitors ~ by Valerie Brown Cheers

We, the United States, the Land of the Free, are supposed to the be the leader of this wonderful Nation, and to be a good leader, we must to be good followers; and I firmly believe we need to follow other positive culture countries; who are showing room for great improvement increasingly in many needed areas for recidivism rate to decrease instead of increasing, i.e. well-being, health, crime, prisons, our kids, our seniors, our animals, our planet, our air, our water, etc.

It is time for us as students, American citizens, etc. to begin to come up with ways or ideas for helping our nation become the great nation it once was! Our forefathers, even though nobody is perfect worked very hard for us and for this country, and just to remind you of some of our forefathers thoughts, here are a few quotes which stand for something which I do believe we have forgotten:

The jaws of power are always open to devour, and her arm is always stretched out, if possible, to destroy the freedom of thinking, speaking, and writing. ~ John Adams

Remember, democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. ~ John Adams

We have no government armed with power capable of contending with human passions unbridled by morality and religion. Avarice, ambition, revenge, or gallantry, would break the strongest cords of our Constitution as a whale goes through a net. Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other. ~ John Adams (The Works of John Adams, ed. C. F. Adams, Boston: Little, Brown Co., 1851, 4:31)

If ye love wealth greater than liberty, the tranquility of servitude greater than the animating contest for freedom, go home from us in peace. We seek not your counsel, nor your arms. Crouch down and lick the hand that feeds you; and may posterity forget that ye were our countrymen. ~ Samuel Adams

He therefore is the truest friend to the liberty of this country who tries most to promote its virtue, and who, so far as his power and influence extend, will not suffer a man to be chosen into any office of power and trust who is not a wise and virtuous man….The sum of all is, if we would most truly enjoy this gift of Heaven, let us become a virtuous people. ~ Samuel Adams

If ever time should come, when vain and aspiring men shall possess the highest seats in Government, our country will stand in need of its experienced patriots to prevent its ruin. ~ Samuel Adams

Without morals a republic cannot subsist any length of time; they therefore who are decrying the Christian religion, whose morality is so sublime and pure (and) which insures to the good eternal happiness, are undermining the solid foundation of morals, the best security for the duration of free governments. ~ Charles Carroll, signer of the Declaration of Independence

Every step we take towards making the State our Caretaker of our lives, by that much we move toward making the State our Master.
Dwight D. Eisenhower

They who would give up an essential liberty for temporary security, deserve neither liberty or security. ~ Benjamin Franklin

Read Morehttp://www.cancertutor.com/quotes_presidents/

MUSIC HEALS AND IS NOW BEING IMPLEMENTED INTO THE PRISON SYSTEM IN OTHER COUNTRIES.  I feel as the United States WE can learn from other cultures, especially when it comes to healing and decreasing our Recidivism Rate which is one of the highest. We must begin to heal and help those and show them how by getting better, there is a way out of our mistakes. Mistakes to me mean you either do, or you either don’t. And to me, the system is just to blame as the increasingly high recidivism rate, sickness where seems to me want to stay sick, prescribed drugs with side- affects continuously spending millions of dollars on advertisement; which nobody is paying attention to, disability rate, getting a check once a month and being satisfied with that way of living, etc.

Please understand that this paper nor myself or the articles which have found to present to you and the world, are trying to disrespect anyone who is sick at all, but merely trying to show that there are better ways to live than claiming of being sick all of the time, claiming unnecessary surgery, etc.  Becoming a senior is a beautiful celebration which deserves so much more than being thrown into a nursing home, doped up!  It is time to pass good wisdom down to our children, who are so crying for love from us a nation, but desperately seeking love in so many wrong ways!

Norway adopts a less punitive approach than the US and focuses on making sure prisoners don’t come back. A 2007 report on recidivism released by the US Department of Justice found that strict incarceration actually increases offender recidivism, while facilities that incorporate “cognitive-behavioral programs rooted in social learning theory” are the most effective at keeping ex-cons out of jail.

I had the most bizarre dream the previous evening and supplicated when I got onto the PC, what precisely is which God needed me to expound on and discover approaches to help our nation with the over populated penitentiaries, which to me appears like a business?

I comprehend that a few methodologies work better with distinctive sorts of individuals, so accepting it’s conceivable to screen individuals for projects and afterward have them experience those projects, which approach is best? Why?

I comprehend diverse methodologies can incorporate training, treatment, or some blend of the two. Would love to see some brain research inquire about here, however am interested in different sorts of answers.

We will talk about the accompanying nations whom jail framework and prisoners are diminishing and their system for this jail passage frenzy, which is by all accounts a major business of kind of empowering viewpoint detainees, as opposed to losing and restoring detainees.

This paper will show how we can learn from other cultures with numerous ways using therapy, which we as a nation can start to end the overpopulated incarceration population, which may appear a touch unlikely, yet plausible. We must start to discover ways or execute approaches to demoralize those from turning into a piece of the jail framework. After much perception have observed that to numerous it may appear to be just as being in jail is an approach to have wellbeing protection, a rooftop over your head and if realized what the jail framework brings to the table, appears like a resort as opposed to a framework which shows you a lesson where you won’t have any desire to return.

We will examine different societies which have lower detainment rates than the United States and prescribe that we in the Western world start to produce or actualize models from more positive achievement rates which start to bring down our imprisonment rate in this nation.

As indicated by the PRB (Population Reference Bureau), (August 2012) since 2002, the United States has had the most noteworthy detainment rate on the planet. Despite the fact that jail populaces are expanding in a few sections of the world, the characteristic rate of detainment for nations similar to the United States has a tendency to stay around 100 detainees every 100,000 populace. The U.S. rate is 500 detainees every 100,000 inhabitants, or around 1.6 million detainees in 2010, as indicated by the most recent accessible information from the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS).1

Men make up 90 percent of the jail and neighborhood correctional facility populace, and they have a detainment rate 14 times higher than the rate for women.2 and these men are overwhelmingly youthful: Incarceration rates are most astounding for those in their 20s and mid-30s. Detainees likewise have a tendency to be less instructed: The normal state detainee has a tenth grade instruction, and around 70 percent have not finished high school.3 Incarceration rates are fundamentally higher for blacks and Latinos than for whites. In 2010, dark men were imprisoned at a rate of 3,074 every 100,000 occupants; Latinos were detained at 1,258 every 100,000, and white men were imprisoned at 459 every 100,000.4 Since 2007, notwithstanding, the imprisonment rate in the United States has decreased marginally and the 2010 jail populace saw a decrease of 0.3 percent—shockingly since 1972, as per the BJS.

National Rates Mask Regional Variations

In spite of the fact that detainment rates in 2010 diminished in 34 states, they expanded in 16 states, most outstandingly Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, and West Virginia.

In the South, where imprisonment rates have been verifiably high, the rate is twofold the rate in the Northeast (see Table 1). Late “extreme on-wrongdoing” approaches are to a great extent in charge of sending developing quantities of individuals to jail in the South and keeping them there longer.5 Louisiana’s detainment rate is the most noteworthy in the country (867 every 100,000 inhabitants).

Elucidation, Oct. 28, 2014: Imprisonment rate is the quantity of detainees in state or government authority sentenced to over 1 year every 100,000 U.S. inhabitants. Does exclude detainees of city or province correctional facilities or other detainment offices. In light of statistics assessments for Jan. 1, 2010.

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Prisoner Statistics Program and unpublished U.S. Enumeration Bureau Jan. 1 populace gauges.

Texas positions second in the rate of detainment (648). In any case the state, and also others with notorieties for extreme sentencing, have started to control wrongdoing and expenses by making more different restorative frameworks, which incorporate an extension of medication treatment and changes in parole hones. Due to measures like these, BJS reported that shockingly since they started gathering jurisdictional information, discharges from jail surpassed admissions to jail in the United States.6

Expansive Number of Black Prisoners

Blacks, especially youthful dark guys, make up a lopsided offer of the U.S. jail populace. In 2008, youthful dark men (ages 18-34) were no less than six times more inclined to be detained than youthful white men (see Table 2), as per a late investigation by Becky Pettit, a University of Washington sociologist.7 She finds that youthful dark guys without a secondary school confirmation were more inclined to be in jail or prison (37 percent) on any given day in 2008 than to be working (26 percent).

Just in the most recent few decades has the section into jail of youthful dark men with small educating developed as standard? “For these youthful men, conceived subsequent to the mid-1970s, serving time in jail has turned into an ordinary life occasion,” note Pettit and Bruce Western, a Harvard sociologist.8

In her new book, Invisible Men: Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress, Pettit contends that authority measurements, for example, business and secondary school graduation rates—are taking into account family studies that do exclude individuals in remedial foundations and subsequently exaggerate African-American program.

“When data exclude the most disadvantaged segments of the population, they show a decline in the race gap in high school dropout rates, modest employment gains for blacks, wage increases among blacks with the lowest levels of education, and increases in voter turnout,” she said.

In any case when individuals living in prisons and penitentiaries are incorporated in the information, an altogether different picture develops. In particular, the month to month Current Population Survey of Households (CPS) demonstrates that around 42 percent of youthful dark male dropouts were utilized in 2008. Anyway when Pettit included detainees, just 26 percent of youthful dark men without a secondary school recognition were utilized on a given day in 2008.

Essentially, the 2008 CPS demonstrates a 14 percent secondary school dropout rate for youthful dark men, mirroring a decrease operating at a profit white crevice in secondary school finish subsequent to the 1990s. At the point when Pettit included jail and correctional facility prisoners, the evaluation of the across the nation secondary school dropout rate among youthful dark men was really 19 percent in 2008, 40 percent higher than usually utilized evaluations recommend.

“Including inmates in assessments of high school completion indicates no improvement in the black-white gap in high school graduation rates among men since the early 1990s,” she said. Her estimates indicate that the gap in high school completion has remained close to its current level of 11 percentage points for the bulk of the past 20 years.

She argues for “better data about young, black, low-skill men as well as other socially marginalized groups, to most effectively understand patterns of and explanations for inequality in the United States.”

Tyjen Tsai is a writer/editor at the Population Reference Bureau. Paola Scommegna is a senior writer/editor at PRB.  References precede at the end of this paper.

NORWAY PRISON SYSTEM

Halden prison

According to Christina Sterbenz, December 11, 2014 article in the

Business Insider, “Why Norway’s Prison System Is So Successful,” In Norway, fewer than 4,000 of the country’s 5 million people were behind bars as of August 2014.

That makes Norway’s incarceration rate just 75 per 100,000 people, compared to 707 people for every 100,000 people in the US.

On top of that, when criminals in Norway leave prison, they stay out. It has one of the lowest recidivism rates in the world at 20%. The US has one of the highest: 76.6% of prisoners are re-arrested within five years.

Norway also has a relatively low level of crime compared to the US, according to the Bureau of Diplomatic Security. The majority of crimes reported to police there are theft-related incidents, and violent crime is mostly confined to areas with drug trafficking and gang problems.

Based on that information, it’s safe to assume Norway’s criminal justice system is doing something right. Few citizens there go to prison, and those who do usually go only once. So how does Norway accomplish this feat? The country relies on a concept called “restorative justice,” which aims to repair the harm caused by crime rather than punish people. This system focuses on rehabilitating prisoners.

Take a look at Halden Prison, and you’ll see what we mean. The 75-acre facility maintains as much “normalcy” as possible. That means no bars on the windows, kitchens fully equipped with sharp objects, and friendships between guards and inmates. For Norway, removing people’s freedom is enough of a punishment.

Like many prisons, Halden seeks to prepare inmates for life on the outside with vocational programs: wood-working, assembly workshops, and even a recording studio.

The recording studio at Halden prison

Halden prison

Halden isn’t an anomaly either. Bastoy prison is also quite nice.

As Bastoy prisoner governor Arne Wilson, also a clinical psychologist, explained to The Guardian:

In closed prisons we keep them locked up for some years and then let them back out, not having had any real responsibility for working or cooking. In the law, being sent to prison is nothing to do with putting you in a terrible prison to make you suffer. The punishment is that you lose your freedom. If we treat people like animals when they are in prison them are likely to behave like animals. Here we pay attention to you as human beings.

All of these characteristics are starkly different from America’s system. When a retired warden from New York visited Halden, he could barely believe the accommodations. “This is prison utopia,” he said in a documentary about his trip. “I don’t think you can go any more liberal — other than giving the inmates the keys.”

In general, prison should have five goals, as described by criminologist Bob Cameron: retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, restoration, and rehabilitation. In his words though, “Americans want their prisoners punished first and rehabilitated second.”

Norway adopts a less punitive approach than the US and focuses on making sure prisoners don’t come back. A 2007 report on recidivism released by the US Department of Justice found that strict incarceration actually increases offender recidivism, while facilities that incorporate “cognitive-behavioral programs rooted in social learning theory” are the most effective at keeping ex-cons out of jail.

The maximum life sentence in Norway shows just how serious the country is about its unique approach. With few exceptions (for genocide and war crimes mostly), judges can only sentence criminals to a maximum of 21 years. At the end of the initial term, however, five-year increments can be added onto to the prisoner’s sentence every five years, indefinitely, if the system determines he or she isn’t rehabilitated.

So bottom line, in Norway they focus on prisoners not coming back, they believe in therapy first and punishment as last? It is almost like when a person has a stroke, if you don’t get right in on the therapy immediately after the patient has that stroke, they will not go back to old self or healthy self and may remain as a stroke victim, and the same way in a way with the recidivism rate;  therapy first to help get to root of what took them there in the first place, punishment last, which will remotely help them not want to come back because they have in a sense been healed and this surely shows the inmate that they cared enough to help them. Sounds like to me if we begin to heal and fix the problems of our world, this will be the cure to fix many of our problems which is healing first in order for there to be a cure.

We don’t want the illness or the crime be our way of life, so therefore; we must begin to cure first and then go from there to a better way of life for living healthy and free!

SWEDEN PRISON SYSTEM

An inmate in a Swedish open prison

According to an article in The Telegraph dated, Saturday 28 March 2015, by Nils Oberg:  “In Sweden, we treat our prisoners like human beings, not like criminals. There are hard choices involved in dealing with those who break the law – and Sweden is making the right ones.”

Designing policies to deal with those who break the law is about making hard choices. Two are fundamental. The first is to decide whether you give priority to custodial or non-custodial sentences in your criminal justice system.

To those who work with criminals, the answer is obvious. The use of imprisonment must always be the very last resort, not your first preferred option. The underlying ambition of every prison service I know is to reduce prison numbers to a minimum.

In Sweden, we have been giving priority to probation and alternative penal sanctions over imprisonment for several decades now. Does it contribute to making our society a safer place? My answer is yes.

Reoffending figures are quite stable over time. About one third of our offenders, come back to serve another penalty in our prison and probation service within three years. That is a reasonably good figure by international standards.

Our admission figures, not only to prisons, but to our entire prison and probation service, are dropping. They are in fact down by approximately 6 per cent each year since 2011.

You may continue to read this article at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/telegraph-view/11256813/In-Sweden-we-treat-our-prisoners-like-human-beings-not-like-criminals.html

 

ENGLAND SEX OFFENDER JAILS

Prisons in Britain have more rapists and life sentenced inmates, says the new report

Prisons in Britain have more rapists and life sentenced inmates, says the new report Photo: PA

According to an article By David Barrett, Home Affairs Correspondent of the Telegraph dated March 28, 2015, “Eight jails now hold only sex offenders,” says Chris Grayling.   Number of sex criminal’s leaps 700 in a year to more than 11,000, forcing the Justice Secretary to change the way treatment programs are offered in jail.

Eight jails in England and Wales now house only sex offenders as the number of abusers has rocketed to more than 11,000, Chris Grayling, the Justice Secretary, has disclosed.

He set out new plans to cope with the rise – largely driven by longer sentences being handed down – including restricting specialist treatment courses to high risk offenders only.

It means lower risk sex attackers will now no longer be eligible to take part in the courses and will instead be offered “more appropriate interventions”, a Ministry of Justice spokesman said.

Mr. Grayling said it was a departure from a “one size fits all” approach, but critics will seize on the move as a failure to provide enough places on courses designed to stop sex crimes being carried out.

Eight jails are now wholly for sex offenders compared with five a year ago, with 20 more offering specialist courses.  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/11001309/Eight-jails-now-hold-only-sex-offenders-says-Chris-Grayling.html

There are so many other cultures which are beginning to decrease their prison rates by utilizing showing compassion for human beings through means of therapy.  A big therapy which has helped myself from devastating nerve pain, has been music and it does work and it pain hates music and since it helps with my pain, why can’t we use this as a tool to help others with all kinds of pains, from crime, mental illness, kids with ADD, ADHD, kids who have seizures, our seniors in nursing homes with Alzheimer, which I still do believe is a slavery to our seniors mentality by keeping them doped up with medications, gaining monetary from all of these so negative things is what I pray that we begin to address and change in the United States.

TAKE A LOOK AT WHAT BRAZIL IS DOING! 

According to the New York Times article, “In Brazil, Some Inmates Get Therapy With Hallucinogenic Tea” by Simon Romero, March 28, 2015.

Many people in Brazil, where conservative politicians are growing in strength as they vow to crack down on crime in a country with more homicides per year than any other, remain unconvinced. Therapists who volunteer at Acuda said they had lost clients in their private practices who disagreed with providing such attention to convicts. Some relatives of victims who suffered at the hands of the Acuda prisoners contend that the project is unfair.

“Where are the massages and the therapy for us?” asked Paulo Freitas, 48, a manager at a leather factory whose 18-year-old daughter, Naiara, a college student, was kidnapped, raped and murdered in Pôrto Velho in 2013 by a group of men, a crime that stunned many people in this corner of the Amazon.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/29/world/americas/a-hallucinogenic-tea-time-for-some-brazilian-prisoners.html?smid=fb-share&_r=0

“If thou wouldst rule well, thou must rule for God, and to do that, thou must be ruled by him….Those who will not be governed by God will be ruled by tyrants.” –William Penn

References

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/29/world/americas/a-hallucinogenic-tea-time-for-some-brazilian-prisoners.html?smid=fb-share&_r=0

http://www.businessinsider.com/why-norways-prison-system-is-so-successful-2014-12#ixzz3ViHOclVq

  1. Paul Guerino, Paige M. Harrison, and William J. Sabol, Prisoners in 2010 (Revised) (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011); and Sara Wakefield and Christopher Uggen, “Incarceration and Stratification,” Annual Review of Sociology 36 (2010): 387-206. Clarification, Oct. 28, 2014: There were 740,000 inmates in city and county jails and other facilities in the U.S. in 2010; about 5 percent of these were in state and federal custody. Counting the local jail population, the total incarcerated population in 2010 was about 2.3 million. See: Todd Minton, Jail Inmates at Mid-Year 2010—Statistical Tables (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011).
  2. Guerino, Harrison and Sabol, Prisoners in 2010.
  3. Bruce Western and Becky Pettit, “Incarceration and Social Inequality,” Daedalus 139, no. 3 (2010): 8-19.
  4. Guerino, Harrison, and Sabol, Prisoners in 2010.
  5. Desiree Evans, “Doing Time in the South,” Institute for Southern Studies (March 5, 2009).
  6. The Pew Center on the States, One in 100: Behind Bars in America 2008 (Washington, DC: Pew Charitable Trusts, 2008); and Guerino, Harrison and Sabol, Prisoners in 2010.
  7. Becky Pettit, Invisible Men: Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2012).
  8. Western and Pettit, “Incarceration and Social Inequality.”

Source: Becky Pettit, Invisible Men: Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress (New York: Russell Sage Foundation: 2012).

Animals Are Part of The World Too! ~ By Terrence Gooden

I helped my grandson, but he did this paper and it amazed me how he put this paper in his own exact words.  We did a draft yesterday, and made corrections last night for the final paper. I had to smile and laughed and the way he presented himself was like he was a CEO, dictating to his secretary, his Grammy…..me!  Terrence is 11 years old, goes to South City Prepatory School, goes to school all year round and keeps a book in his hands. I am so very proud of my grandson and his mom and dad for doing such a wonderful job with this young man!  I see bright things in his future! ~ Enjoy!

I feel that my role as a human organism in our schoolyard ecosystem is a lazy job.  I feel this way because I litter too!  My schoolyard ecosystem includes: soda cans, candy wrappers, six-pack rings which hold soda cans, and animal traps.  The interactions I would change is to walk a little further to a trashcan.  I would change that interaction because, if I leave trash all over Tower Grove Park then it would attract unwanted animals.  The interactions I would keep the same would be throwing bread to the animals and making birdhouses.

The harmful effects I feel other human interactions have had on our schoolyard ecosystems include: throwing charcoal for barbequing.  Also, cutting the grass can be helpful and sometimes, it can be bad because some animal’s homes are on the leaves.  The reason I believe the interaction between me and my friends, causes a harmful effect because we trap tiny bugs from getting to where they need to be by throwing soda cans on the ground.

The beneficial interactions already present in our schoolyard are: trashcans, birdhouses, and the planting of more trees.  The beneficial effects we can add to our schoolyard ecosystems are to: make sure to pick up litter, don’t dig in the dirt, and don’t pull plants out of the ground.  We can do this by taking ten minutes to look around Tower Grove Park to pick up litter.  One way to change littering on the ground is by throwing away our trash in the trashcan. I would encourage others to help by calling them to tell them to take ten minutes of the day to pick up litter. Also, me and my friends can get together to build birdhouses.  Another way we can help the ecosystem is to install cameras in public parks and places to see if people are littering, then if they do litter be given a fine.  If we do not recycle this will happen to the world:

In conclusion, take what you’ve learned and pass the information on to others.  If each individual you know could make an effort toward being greener, the world could better and cleaner!

 

The Most Important Woman In Medical History ~ by Valerie Brown Cheers

I  just want to thank God for the amazing people who are sharing information, good information and am taking it and learning a lot and want to share with you! I hope you enjoy learning just how much fun it can be learning from history or past articles which just may not have been seen or even spoken about on the national level! Thank you my Facebook angels and you are greatly appreciated.

A very interesting story was posted onto Facebook, about Henrietta Lacks, and made me do some serious reading and finding out how we can begin to pick up where we have left off from and “get to the root of it” actually beginning to cure this world and its horrific and devastating diseases, illnesses, etc.

Henrietta and David Lacks

Henrietta Lacks’ cells were essential in developing the polio vaccine and were used in scientific landmarks such as cloning, gene mapping and in vitro fertilization. (Courtesy of the Lacks family)  By Sarah Zielinski  smithsonian.com January 22, 2010

Who was Henrietta Lacks?

She was a black tobacco agriculturist from southern Virginia who got cervical disease when she was 30. A specialist at Johns Hopkins took a bit of her tumor without advising her and sent it past a few doors to researchers there who had been attempting to develop tissues in society for quite a long time without achievement. Nobody knows why, however her cells never passed on.

Why are her cells so imperative?

Henrietta’s cells were the first interminable human cells ever developed in society. They were vital to adding to the polio antibody. They went up in the first space missions to witness what might to cells in zero gravity. Numerous logical points of interest from that point forward have utilized her cells, including cloning, quality mapping and in vitro treatment.

Have you ever become aware of HeLa cells? They’ve been around for over 60 years, however unless you’re a restorative analyst, the name presumably didn’t manifest on your radar up to this point, if by any means. In the previous decade or thereabouts, endless articles – and one New York Times top rated book – have been composed about them.

Anyway what’s a HeLa cell? It’s a line, or populace, of cells, taken from a man and utilized as a part of logical examination. Cell lines are frequently named after the individuals from whom they were initially determined, and HeLa originates from the initial two letters in the name Henrietta Lacks. Cell lines are utilized as a part of a wide range of courses, for example, mulling over the impacts of ailments or creating meds and immunizations, and assume a significant part in drug today.

Be that as it may HeLa cells were the first – the first line of human cells to get by in vitro (in a test tube). Named after a disease understanding, the cells were taken from Lacks’ tissue tests and developed by a specialist named Dr. George Gey in 1951. Dr. Gey immediately understood that some of Lacks’ cells were unique in relation to ordinary cells. While those kicked the bucket, they recently continued developing. After over 50 years, there are presently billions and billions of HeLa cells in research centers everywhere throughout the world. It’s the most normally utilized cell line, and its known to be greatly flexible.

Sarah Zielinski is an award-winning science writer and editor. She is a contributing writer in science for Smithsonian.com and blogs at Wild Things, which appears on Science News.

Read more from this author |

Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/henrietta-lacks-immortal-cells-6421299/#HVr08rA0TCVUUG4s.99
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The way that HeLa cells have been utilized as a part of some imperative, historic restorative examination is sufficiently fascinating, however there’s an alternate piece of the story – and that part is the reason Oprah may be making a motion picture about HeLa. Henrietta Lacks had no clue that her cells were taken and utilized as a part of along these lines, and neither did her gang. Keeping in mind the cells got to be popularized (scientists can purchase a vial of them for $250) Lacks’ family has lived without medicinal services and in destitution. Henrietta Lacks’ story isn’t just about her commitment to restorative research; its about the morals of biomedical exploration and the act of educated assent. However how about we begin toward the starting, with Henrietta herself.

Medical researchers use laboratory-grown developed human cells to take in the intricacies of how cells function and test speculations about the reasons and treatment of ailments. The cell lines they need are “godlike”—they can become inconclusively, be solidified for quite a long time, separated into distinctive clusters and imparted among researchers. In 1951, a researcher at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, made the first everlasting human cell line with a tissue test taken from a youthful dark lady with cervical malignancy. Those phones, called HeLa cells, rapidly got to be priceless to medicinal exploration however their giver remained a secret for a considerable length of time. In her new book, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, columnist Rebecca Skloot tracks down the narrative of the wellspring of the stunning HeLa cells, Henrietta Lacks, and records the phone line’s effect on both advanced drug and the Lacks family.

Here is an interesting story published by Popular Science:

FIVE REASONS HENRIETTA LACKS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT WOMAN IN MEDICAL HISTORY

Divide and Conquer ~ Courtesy Paul D. Andrews

A HeLa cell splitting into two new cells.

In 1951, Henrietta Lacks, a poor woman with a middle-school education, made one of the greatest medical contributions ever. Her cells, taken from a cervical-cancer biopsy, became the first immortal human cell line—the cells reproduce infinitely in a lab. Although other immortal lines have since been established, Lacks’s “HeLa” cells are the standard in labs around the world. Together they outweigh 100 Empire State Buildings and could circle the equator three times. This month, PopSci contributor Rebecca Skloot’s book,The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, tells the story behind the woman who revolutionized modern medicine. Here, five reasons we should all thank Henrietta Lacks.

1. Before HeLa cells, scientists spent more time trying to keep cells alive than performing actual research on the cells. An endless supply of HeLa cells freed up time for discovery.

2. In 1952, the worst year of the polio epidemic, HeLa cells were used to test the vaccine that protected millions.

3. Some cells in Lacks’s tissue sample behaved differently than others. Scientists learned to isolate one specific cell, multiply it, and start a cell line. Isolating one cell and keeping it alive is the basic technique for cloning and in-vitro fertilization.

4. A scientist accidentally poured a chemical on a HeLa cell that spread out its tangled chromosomes. Later on, scientists used this technique to determine that humans have 46 chromosomes—23 pairs—not 48, which provided the basis for making several types of genetic diagnoses.

5. It was discovered that Lacks’s cancerous cells used an enzyme called telomerase to repair their DNA, allowing them, and other types of cancer cells, to function when normal cells would have died. Anti-cancer drugs that work against this enzyme are currently in early clinical trials.

Freeman, Shanna.  “How HeLa Cells Work”  10 September 2012.  HowStuffWorks.com. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/cellular-microscopic/hela-cell.htm&gt;  27 March 2015.

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/henrietta-lacks-immortal-cells-6421299/?no-ist

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/henrietta-lacks-immortal-cells-6421299/?no-ist

http://www.npr.org/2011/03/18/134622044/tracing-the-immortal-cells-of-henrietta-lacks

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Encouraging Genetic Testing For Longer Life ~ by Valerie Brown Cheers

Jolie decided to have her ovaries and fallopian tubes removed because of a BRCA1 gene mutation that puts her at increased risk for ovarian and breast cancers, she wrote in the New York Times on Tuesday.

Dr Diane Yamada, the University of Chicago’s chief of gynecologic oncology, said that while the effectiveness of the procedure is not 100%, it is “tremendous”.

Yamada was on the communications committee of the Society for Gynecologic Oncology in May 2013 when Jolie wrote about having a preventive double mastectomy because she carried the BRCA1 gene. “There was a huge spike in awareness after her original piece,” she said.

Researchers credited that piece for more than doubling the amount of genetic breast cancer tests in the UK, according to a study published in the journal Breast Cancer Research. Months after her editorial was published, referrals for that type of testing remained double the previous year’s figure.

Angelina Jolie

I am proud of Angelina Jolie for being so courageous in doing something which we as women really need to pay attention to also, and especially before having children.

Society has you thinking that DNA, genome, blood testing, etc is too expensive, but shouldn’t we as humans be paying more attention and perhaps having insurance which covers these types of testings which are so very important, even before making babies. The more we know the better we can improve our well-being!

I am not a scientist, nor may really know a whole lot about this DNA jargon, but I do and am very interested to find out why and how we can begin to end the DEGENERATIVE DISEASE being passed down to our children! Iwas born with it and have become very interested in and will keep on trying to help others prevent their babies being passed down deadly diseases which will only get worse, the older we get! We must begin to checking ourselves out, asking lots of questions, reading, researching and testing and using ourselves for studies instead of mice! We are no mice and we are human beings and have been using poor little mice for way too long and now it is time to test on humans, ourselves.

I have begun doing things with my own health, to see if my own health improves by doing my own holistic cures, i.e. meditation, music, water, etc. and sorry to say, don’t need any doctor telling me anything about my body, which we know about our very own bodies; and when they don’t see anything, like they did not see my mother’s progression of MS, I don’t believe in modern medicine, nor in a lot of doctors and not saying that doctors are bad, but just trust God over any man and He alerts me immediately when something is bad for me!

But I do know that God alerts us when something is abnormal and that goes for wrong foods, liquids, etc. anything which we put into our bodies and it is up to us to pay attention and react immediately! You feel the affect of it right away and this I truly know and if manmade medicines worked that way, people would only have to take one time and not 100’s of pills for a period of time!

I will never forget when I had a medicine reaction and it was Regulan! My face froze, I could hardly breath, but I told my nephew to call 911! My family made fun of me, but I actually looked like a maniquin because it froze my face immediately. When the ambulance got there, going to nursing school and knowing about reactions, I held onto the medicine and clinched it in my hands! I knew that when I got to the hospital they needed to know what I had taken which made me react! You could say, I saved my own life by holding onto that pill bottle tightly in my hands. But what was even better was how my nephew reacted so quickly which also saved my life. God is good!

A BRACA-1 – mutation associated DNA methylation signature in blood cells predicts sporadic breast cancer incidence and survival.

By Heather MacGibbon

A new Study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology February, 2014 recommends removal of a patient’s ovaries by age 35 for women with the BRACA1 gene mutation.

According to this study, done internationally, waiting beyond this age increases risk of ovarian cancer before or at the time of preventative surgery and increases mortality rates. Women with the BRACA 2 mutation showed no increase past age 35 which suggest that they may delay preventative surgery longer.

“To me, waiting to have oophorectomy until after 35 is too much of a chance to take,” said Steven Narod, MD, professor of medicine at the University of Toronto in Canada and the study’s lead author. “These data are so striking that we believe prophylactic oophorectomy by age 35 should become a universal standard for women with BRCA1 mutations.”[1]

He added: “Women with BRCA2 mutations, on the other hand, can safely delay surgery until their 40s, since their ovarian cancer risk is not as strong.”[2]

The study showed that women with either mutation who had oophorectomy by age 35 experienced a 77% reduction in death from ovarian cancer before age 70.

Prior studies have shown that prophylactic oophorectomy reduces the risk of developing breast and ovarian cancers in women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. However, this is the first study to show an overall mortality reduction benefit. As many as 70 percent of women in the United States who learn they have BRCA mutations choose to have prophylactic oophorectomy. Many doctors recommend that such women undergo surgery by age 35 or when childbearing is complete. However, neither the optimum age for having this preventive surgery nor the effect of the surgery on the overall risk of death had been adequately studied.[3] In the Hereditary Ovarian Cancer Clinical Study, researchers from Canada, the United States, Poland, Norway, Austria, France, and Italy identified women with BRCA mutations from an international registry, 5,787 of whom completed questionnaires about their reproductive history, surgical history (including preventive oophorectomy and mastectomy), and hormone use. The study began in 1995, and the women were followed through 2011. Investigators examined the relationship between prophylactic oophorectomy and the rates of ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal (abdominal) cancer, and the overall rate of death (total mortality) by age 70.[4]

Among the 5,787 women, 2,274 did not have oophorectomy, 2,123 had already had the surgery when they began the study, and 1,390 underwent oophorectomy during the study follow-up period. After an average follow-up period of 5.6 years (with some women followed as long as 16 years), 186 women developed either ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer.[5]

Overall, the investigators found that oophorectomy reduced the risk of ovarian cancer by 80 percent. For women who carry a BRCA1 mutation, the authors estimate that delaying the surgery until age 40 raised the risk of ovarian cancer to 4 percent; ovarian cancer risk increased to 14.2 percent if a woman waited until age 50 to have the surgery. In contrast, only one case of ovarian cancer was diagnosed before age 50 among BRCA2 mutation carriers in this study. By comparison, the lifetime risk of ovarian cancer in all women (including those without BRCA mutations) is only 1.4 percent.[6]

Of the 511 women who died during this study, 333 died of breast cancer, 68 from ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancers, and the remainder from other causes. Prophylactic oophorectomy reduced the risk of death by any cause by 77 percent (largely by lowering the risks of ovarian, fallopian tube, peritoneal, and breast cancers). Dr. Narod noted that the 77-percent risk decrease is even greater than the benefit of chemotherapy, and was equally strong for both BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers.[7]

In a prior study by this group, oophorectomy was also shown to reduce the risk of breast cancer by 48 percent in women with a BRCA1 mutation, and once diagnosed, lowered the risk of breast cancer death by 70 percent.[8]

[1] American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). “Preventive ovarian surgery should be performed early for greatest benefit; substantial mortality risk reduction found.”

 What is the epigenome?

A genome is the complete set of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, in a cell. DNA carries the instructions for building all of the proteins that make each living creature unique.

Derived from the Greek, epigenome means “above” the genome. The epigenome consists of chemical compounds that modify, or mark, the genome in a way that tells it what to do, where to do it and when to do it. The marks, which are not part of the DNA itself, can be passed on from cell to cell as cells divide, and from one generation to the next.

What does the epigenome do?

Each person’s body contains trillions of cells, all of which have essentially the same genome. Yet some cells are optimized for use in muscles, others for bones, the brain, the stomach and the rest of your body. What makes these cells different?

The protein-coding parts of your genome, called genes, do not make proteins all of the time in all of your cells. Instead, different sets of genes are turned on or off in various kinds of cells at different points in time. Differences in the types and amounts of proteins produced determine how cells look, grow and act. The epigenome influences which genes are active – and which proteins are produced – in a particular cell.

So, the epigenome is what tells your skin cells to behave like skin cells, heart cells like heart cells and so on.

 Is the epigenome inherited?

Just as the genome is passed along from parents to their offspring, the epigenome can also be inherited. The chemical tags found on the DNA and histones of eggs and sperm can be conveyed to the next generation.

What is imprinting?

Your genome contains two copies of every gene – one inherited from your mother and one from your father. For some genes, only the copy from the mother ever gets switched on, and for others, only the copy from the father. This pattern is called imprinting.

The epigenome serves to distinguish between the two copies of an imprinted gene. For example, only the father’s copy of a gene called IGF2 is able to make its protein. That is because marks in the epigenome keep the mother’s IGF2 copy switched off in every cell of the body.

Some diseases are caused by abnormal imprinting. They include Beckwith-Wiedmann syndrome, a disorder associated with body overgrowth and increased risk of cancer; and Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes, which are disorders associated with obesity and MENTAL RETARDATION.

How do changes in the epigenome contribute to cancer?

Cancers are caused by a combination of changes to the genome and the epigenome.

Adding or removing methyl groups can switch genes involved in cell growth off or on. If such changes occur at the wrong time or in the wrong cell, they can wreak havoc, converting normal cells into cancer cells that grow wildly out of control.

For example, in a type of brain tumor called glioblastoma, doctors have had some success in treating patients with a drug, called temozolomide, that kills cancer cells by adding methyl groups to DNA. But that’s only part of a very complex picture. Cells also contain a gene, called MGMT, that produces a protein that subtracts methyl groups – an action that counteracts the effects of temozolomide. In some glioblastomas, however, the switch for the MGMT gene has itself been turned off by methylation, which blocks production of the protein that counteracts temozolomide. Consequently, glioblastoma patients whose tumors have methylated MGMT genes are far more likely to respond to temozolomide than those with unmethylated MGMT genes.

Changes in the epigenome also activate growth-promoting genes in stomach cancer, colon cancer and the most common type of kidney cancer. In other cancers, changes in the epigenome silence genes that normally serve to keep cell growth in check.

To come up with a complete list of all the possible changes that can lead to cancer, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has started a project called The Cancer Genome Atlas. Beginning with glioblastoma, these researchers are comparing the genomes and epigenomes of normal cells to those of cancer cells. They are looking for any changes in the DNA sequence, called mutations; changes in the number and structure of chromosomes; changes in the amounts of proteins produced by genes; and changes in the number of methyl groups on the DNA.

Understanding all the changes that turn a normal cell into a cancer cell will speed efforts to develop new and better ways of diagnosing, treating and preventing cancer. To learn more about this effort, go to http://cancergenome.nih.gov.

How are researchers exploring the epigenome?

Researchers are exploring the epigenome through a field called epigenomics, which is the study of all the chemical tags on the genome that control the activities of genes. This is different from genomics, which is the study of all the changes that occur in the order, or sequence, of the DNA building blocks that make up the genome.

Experts once thought that diseases were caused mainly by changes, or mutations, in DNA sequence – changes that either disrupt protein production or lead to abnormal proteins. Recently, researchers have learned that changes in the epigenome may cause or contribute to many diseases, making epigenomics a vital part of efforts to better understand the human body and improve human health.

As part of its Roadmap for Medical Research, the NIH plans to develop a map of the epigenomic marks that occur on the human genome. The effort will require the development of better technologies to quickly and efficiently detect epigenomic marks, as well as improved understanding of the factors that drive these changes. To learn more about this effort, go to http://commonfund.nih.gov/epigenomics.

Human Epigenome Pilot Project

The Human Epigenome Consortium is a public/private collaboration that aims to identify and catalogue Methylation Variable Positions (MVPs) in the human genome. As a prelude to the full-scale Human Epigenome Project (HEP), we have recently completed a pilot study of the methylation patterns within the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) – a region of chromosome 6 that is associated with more diseases than any other region in the human genome.

We have identified MVPs in the vicinity of the promoter and other relevant regions of approximately 150 loci within the MHC in tissues from a range of individuals. This will provide an unprecedented insight into the complex relationship between genetics and epigenetics that underlies both normal cellular homeostasis and disease states, in particular autoimmune diseases.

For the pilot project, we developed an integrated genomics-based technology platform. The pipeline involves the automated bisulphite treatment of DNA from minute tissue biopsies, gene-specific bisulphite PCR and large-scale sequencing of PCR amplicons. Analysis and quantification of methylation patterns is achieved by mass spectrometric and microarray assays.  http://www.epigenome.org/index.php?page=pilotproject

Human Epigenome Consortium

Updated February 19, 2015: 23andMe provides ancestry-related genetic reports and uninterpreted raw genetic data only. We intend to add some health-related genetic reports in the future once we have a comprehensive product offering. At this time, we do not know which health reports might be available or when they might be available. For more information, please go to the health page. https://www.23andme.com/

ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 24 February 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140224171145.htm>.

[2] IBID

[3] IBID

[4] IBIDA. P. M. Finch, J. Lubinski, P. Moller, C. F. Singer, B. Karlan, L. Senter, B. Rosen, L. Maehle, P. Ghadirian, C. Cybulski, T. Huzarski, A. Eisen, W. D. Foulkes, C. Kim-Sing, P. Ainsworth, N. Tung, H. T. Lynch, S. Neuhausen, K. A. Metcalfe, I. Thompson, J. Murphy, P. Sun, S. A. Narod. Impact of Oophorectomy on Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Women With a BRCA1 or BRCA2 Mutation. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2014; DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2013.53.2820

[5] IBID

[6] IBID

[7] IBID

[8] IBID

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2015/mar/24/angelina-jolie-surgery-heralded-ovarian-cancer-doctors

http://www.parkmed.com/WomansBlog/tag/braca1/

http://genomemedicine.com/content/6/6/47

http://www.epigenome.org/index.php?page=pilotproject