Diminish Prison Visitors ~ by Valerie Brown Cheers

We, the United States, the Land of the Free, are supposed to the be the leader of this wonderful Nation, and to be a good leader, we must to be good followers; and I firmly believe we need to follow other positive culture countries; who are showing room for great improvement increasingly in many needed areas for recidivism rate to decrease instead of increasing, i.e. well-being, health, crime, prisons, our kids, our seniors, our animals, our planet, our air, our water, etc.

It is time for us as students, American citizens, etc. to begin to come up with ways or ideas for helping our nation become the great nation it once was! Our forefathers, even though nobody is perfect worked very hard for us and for this country, and just to remind you of some of our forefathers thoughts, here are a few quotes which stand for something which I do believe we have forgotten:

The jaws of power are always open to devour, and her arm is always stretched out, if possible, to destroy the freedom of thinking, speaking, and writing. ~ John Adams

Remember, democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. ~ John Adams

We have no government armed with power capable of contending with human passions unbridled by morality and religion. Avarice, ambition, revenge, or gallantry, would break the strongest cords of our Constitution as a whale goes through a net. Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other. ~ John Adams (The Works of John Adams, ed. C. F. Adams, Boston: Little, Brown Co., 1851, 4:31)

If ye love wealth greater than liberty, the tranquility of servitude greater than the animating contest for freedom, go home from us in peace. We seek not your counsel, nor your arms. Crouch down and lick the hand that feeds you; and may posterity forget that ye were our countrymen. ~ Samuel Adams

He therefore is the truest friend to the liberty of this country who tries most to promote its virtue, and who, so far as his power and influence extend, will not suffer a man to be chosen into any office of power and trust who is not a wise and virtuous man….The sum of all is, if we would most truly enjoy this gift of Heaven, let us become a virtuous people. ~ Samuel Adams

If ever time should come, when vain and aspiring men shall possess the highest seats in Government, our country will stand in need of its experienced patriots to prevent its ruin. ~ Samuel Adams

Without morals a republic cannot subsist any length of time; they therefore who are decrying the Christian religion, whose morality is so sublime and pure (and) which insures to the good eternal happiness, are undermining the solid foundation of morals, the best security for the duration of free governments. ~ Charles Carroll, signer of the Declaration of Independence

Every step we take towards making the State our Caretaker of our lives, by that much we move toward making the State our Master.
Dwight D. Eisenhower

They who would give up an essential liberty for temporary security, deserve neither liberty or security. ~ Benjamin Franklin

Read Morehttp://www.cancertutor.com/quotes_presidents/

MUSIC HEALS AND IS NOW BEING IMPLEMENTED INTO THE PRISON SYSTEM IN OTHER COUNTRIES.  I feel as the United States WE can learn from other cultures, especially when it comes to healing and decreasing our Recidivism Rate which is one of the highest. We must begin to heal and help those and show them how by getting better, there is a way out of our mistakes. Mistakes to me mean you either do, or you either don’t. And to me, the system is just to blame as the increasingly high recidivism rate, sickness where seems to me want to stay sick, prescribed drugs with side- affects continuously spending millions of dollars on advertisement; which nobody is paying attention to, disability rate, getting a check once a month and being satisfied with that way of living, etc.

Please understand that this paper nor myself or the articles which have found to present to you and the world, are trying to disrespect anyone who is sick at all, but merely trying to show that there are better ways to live than claiming of being sick all of the time, claiming unnecessary surgery, etc.  Becoming a senior is a beautiful celebration which deserves so much more than being thrown into a nursing home, doped up!  It is time to pass good wisdom down to our children, who are so crying for love from us a nation, but desperately seeking love in so many wrong ways!

Norway adopts a less punitive approach than the US and focuses on making sure prisoners don’t come back. A 2007 report on recidivism released by the US Department of Justice found that strict incarceration actually increases offender recidivism, while facilities that incorporate “cognitive-behavioral programs rooted in social learning theory” are the most effective at keeping ex-cons out of jail.

I had the most bizarre dream the previous evening and supplicated when I got onto the PC, what precisely is which God needed me to expound on and discover approaches to help our nation with the over populated penitentiaries, which to me appears like a business?

I comprehend that a few methodologies work better with distinctive sorts of individuals, so accepting it’s conceivable to screen individuals for projects and afterward have them experience those projects, which approach is best? Why?

I comprehend diverse methodologies can incorporate training, treatment, or some blend of the two. Would love to see some brain research inquire about here, however am interested in different sorts of answers.

We will talk about the accompanying nations whom jail framework and prisoners are diminishing and their system for this jail passage frenzy, which is by all accounts a major business of kind of empowering viewpoint detainees, as opposed to losing and restoring detainees.

This paper will show how we can learn from other cultures with numerous ways using therapy, which we as a nation can start to end the overpopulated incarceration population, which may appear a touch unlikely, yet plausible. We must start to discover ways or execute approaches to demoralize those from turning into a piece of the jail framework. After much perception have observed that to numerous it may appear to be just as being in jail is an approach to have wellbeing protection, a rooftop over your head and if realized what the jail framework brings to the table, appears like a resort as opposed to a framework which shows you a lesson where you won’t have any desire to return.

We will examine different societies which have lower detainment rates than the United States and prescribe that we in the Western world start to produce or actualize models from more positive achievement rates which start to bring down our imprisonment rate in this nation.

As indicated by the PRB (Population Reference Bureau), (August 2012) since 2002, the United States has had the most noteworthy detainment rate on the planet. Despite the fact that jail populaces are expanding in a few sections of the world, the characteristic rate of detainment for nations similar to the United States has a tendency to stay around 100 detainees every 100,000 populace. The U.S. rate is 500 detainees every 100,000 inhabitants, or around 1.6 million detainees in 2010, as indicated by the most recent accessible information from the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS).1

Men make up 90 percent of the jail and neighborhood correctional facility populace, and they have a detainment rate 14 times higher than the rate for women.2 and these men are overwhelmingly youthful: Incarceration rates are most astounding for those in their 20s and mid-30s. Detainees likewise have a tendency to be less instructed: The normal state detainee has a tenth grade instruction, and around 70 percent have not finished high school.3 Incarceration rates are fundamentally higher for blacks and Latinos than for whites. In 2010, dark men were imprisoned at a rate of 3,074 every 100,000 occupants; Latinos were detained at 1,258 every 100,000, and white men were imprisoned at 459 every 100,000.4 Since 2007, notwithstanding, the imprisonment rate in the United States has decreased marginally and the 2010 jail populace saw a decrease of 0.3 percent—shockingly since 1972, as per the BJS.

National Rates Mask Regional Variations

In spite of the fact that detainment rates in 2010 diminished in 34 states, they expanded in 16 states, most outstandingly Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, and West Virginia.

In the South, where imprisonment rates have been verifiably high, the rate is twofold the rate in the Northeast (see Table 1). Late “extreme on-wrongdoing” approaches are to a great extent in charge of sending developing quantities of individuals to jail in the South and keeping them there longer.5 Louisiana’s detainment rate is the most noteworthy in the country (867 every 100,000 inhabitants).

Elucidation, Oct. 28, 2014: Imprisonment rate is the quantity of detainees in state or government authority sentenced to over 1 year every 100,000 U.S. inhabitants. Does exclude detainees of city or province correctional facilities or other detainment offices. In light of statistics assessments for Jan. 1, 2010.

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Prisoner Statistics Program and unpublished U.S. Enumeration Bureau Jan. 1 populace gauges.

Texas positions second in the rate of detainment (648). In any case the state, and also others with notorieties for extreme sentencing, have started to control wrongdoing and expenses by making more different restorative frameworks, which incorporate an extension of medication treatment and changes in parole hones. Due to measures like these, BJS reported that shockingly since they started gathering jurisdictional information, discharges from jail surpassed admissions to jail in the United States.6

Expansive Number of Black Prisoners

Blacks, especially youthful dark guys, make up a lopsided offer of the U.S. jail populace. In 2008, youthful dark men (ages 18-34) were no less than six times more inclined to be detained than youthful white men (see Table 2), as per a late investigation by Becky Pettit, a University of Washington sociologist.7 She finds that youthful dark guys without a secondary school confirmation were more inclined to be in jail or prison (37 percent) on any given day in 2008 than to be working (26 percent).

Just in the most recent few decades has the section into jail of youthful dark men with small educating developed as standard? “For these youthful men, conceived subsequent to the mid-1970s, serving time in jail has turned into an ordinary life occasion,” note Pettit and Bruce Western, a Harvard sociologist.8

In her new book, Invisible Men: Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress, Pettit contends that authority measurements, for example, business and secondary school graduation rates—are taking into account family studies that do exclude individuals in remedial foundations and subsequently exaggerate African-American program.

“When data exclude the most disadvantaged segments of the population, they show a decline in the race gap in high school dropout rates, modest employment gains for blacks, wage increases among blacks with the lowest levels of education, and increases in voter turnout,” she said.

In any case when individuals living in prisons and penitentiaries are incorporated in the information, an altogether different picture develops. In particular, the month to month Current Population Survey of Households (CPS) demonstrates that around 42 percent of youthful dark male dropouts were utilized in 2008. Anyway when Pettit included detainees, just 26 percent of youthful dark men without a secondary school recognition were utilized on a given day in 2008.

Essentially, the 2008 CPS demonstrates a 14 percent secondary school dropout rate for youthful dark men, mirroring a decrease operating at a profit white crevice in secondary school finish subsequent to the 1990s. At the point when Pettit included jail and correctional facility prisoners, the evaluation of the across the nation secondary school dropout rate among youthful dark men was really 19 percent in 2008, 40 percent higher than usually utilized evaluations recommend.

“Including inmates in assessments of high school completion indicates no improvement in the black-white gap in high school graduation rates among men since the early 1990s,” she said. Her estimates indicate that the gap in high school completion has remained close to its current level of 11 percentage points for the bulk of the past 20 years.

She argues for “better data about young, black, low-skill men as well as other socially marginalized groups, to most effectively understand patterns of and explanations for inequality in the United States.”

Tyjen Tsai is a writer/editor at the Population Reference Bureau. Paola Scommegna is a senior writer/editor at PRB.  References precede at the end of this paper.

NORWAY PRISON SYSTEM

Halden prison

According to Christina Sterbenz, December 11, 2014 article in the

Business Insider, “Why Norway’s Prison System Is So Successful,” In Norway, fewer than 4,000 of the country’s 5 million people were behind bars as of August 2014.

That makes Norway’s incarceration rate just 75 per 100,000 people, compared to 707 people for every 100,000 people in the US.

On top of that, when criminals in Norway leave prison, they stay out. It has one of the lowest recidivism rates in the world at 20%. The US has one of the highest: 76.6% of prisoners are re-arrested within five years.

Norway also has a relatively low level of crime compared to the US, according to the Bureau of Diplomatic Security. The majority of crimes reported to police there are theft-related incidents, and violent crime is mostly confined to areas with drug trafficking and gang problems.

Based on that information, it’s safe to assume Norway’s criminal justice system is doing something right. Few citizens there go to prison, and those who do usually go only once. So how does Norway accomplish this feat? The country relies on a concept called “restorative justice,” which aims to repair the harm caused by crime rather than punish people. This system focuses on rehabilitating prisoners.

Take a look at Halden Prison, and you’ll see what we mean. The 75-acre facility maintains as much “normalcy” as possible. That means no bars on the windows, kitchens fully equipped with sharp objects, and friendships between guards and inmates. For Norway, removing people’s freedom is enough of a punishment.

Like many prisons, Halden seeks to prepare inmates for life on the outside with vocational programs: wood-working, assembly workshops, and even a recording studio.

The recording studio at Halden prison

Halden prison

Halden isn’t an anomaly either. Bastoy prison is also quite nice.

As Bastoy prisoner governor Arne Wilson, also a clinical psychologist, explained to The Guardian:

In closed prisons we keep them locked up for some years and then let them back out, not having had any real responsibility for working or cooking. In the law, being sent to prison is nothing to do with putting you in a terrible prison to make you suffer. The punishment is that you lose your freedom. If we treat people like animals when they are in prison them are likely to behave like animals. Here we pay attention to you as human beings.

All of these characteristics are starkly different from America’s system. When a retired warden from New York visited Halden, he could barely believe the accommodations. “This is prison utopia,” he said in a documentary about his trip. “I don’t think you can go any more liberal — other than giving the inmates the keys.”

In general, prison should have five goals, as described by criminologist Bob Cameron: retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, restoration, and rehabilitation. In his words though, “Americans want their prisoners punished first and rehabilitated second.”

Norway adopts a less punitive approach than the US and focuses on making sure prisoners don’t come back. A 2007 report on recidivism released by the US Department of Justice found that strict incarceration actually increases offender recidivism, while facilities that incorporate “cognitive-behavioral programs rooted in social learning theory” are the most effective at keeping ex-cons out of jail.

The maximum life sentence in Norway shows just how serious the country is about its unique approach. With few exceptions (for genocide and war crimes mostly), judges can only sentence criminals to a maximum of 21 years. At the end of the initial term, however, five-year increments can be added onto to the prisoner’s sentence every five years, indefinitely, if the system determines he or she isn’t rehabilitated.

So bottom line, in Norway they focus on prisoners not coming back, they believe in therapy first and punishment as last? It is almost like when a person has a stroke, if you don’t get right in on the therapy immediately after the patient has that stroke, they will not go back to old self or healthy self and may remain as a stroke victim, and the same way in a way with the recidivism rate;  therapy first to help get to root of what took them there in the first place, punishment last, which will remotely help them not want to come back because they have in a sense been healed and this surely shows the inmate that they cared enough to help them. Sounds like to me if we begin to heal and fix the problems of our world, this will be the cure to fix many of our problems which is healing first in order for there to be a cure.

We don’t want the illness or the crime be our way of life, so therefore; we must begin to cure first and then go from there to a better way of life for living healthy and free!

SWEDEN PRISON SYSTEM

An inmate in a Swedish open prison

According to an article in The Telegraph dated, Saturday 28 March 2015, by Nils Oberg:  “In Sweden, we treat our prisoners like human beings, not like criminals. There are hard choices involved in dealing with those who break the law – and Sweden is making the right ones.”

Designing policies to deal with those who break the law is about making hard choices. Two are fundamental. The first is to decide whether you give priority to custodial or non-custodial sentences in your criminal justice system.

To those who work with criminals, the answer is obvious. The use of imprisonment must always be the very last resort, not your first preferred option. The underlying ambition of every prison service I know is to reduce prison numbers to a minimum.

In Sweden, we have been giving priority to probation and alternative penal sanctions over imprisonment for several decades now. Does it contribute to making our society a safer place? My answer is yes.

Reoffending figures are quite stable over time. About one third of our offenders, come back to serve another penalty in our prison and probation service within three years. That is a reasonably good figure by international standards.

Our admission figures, not only to prisons, but to our entire prison and probation service, are dropping. They are in fact down by approximately 6 per cent each year since 2011.

You may continue to read this article at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/telegraph-view/11256813/In-Sweden-we-treat-our-prisoners-like-human-beings-not-like-criminals.html

 

ENGLAND SEX OFFENDER JAILS

Prisons in Britain have more rapists and life sentenced inmates, says the new report

Prisons in Britain have more rapists and life sentenced inmates, says the new report Photo: PA

According to an article By David Barrett, Home Affairs Correspondent of the Telegraph dated March 28, 2015, “Eight jails now hold only sex offenders,” says Chris Grayling.   Number of sex criminal’s leaps 700 in a year to more than 11,000, forcing the Justice Secretary to change the way treatment programs are offered in jail.

Eight jails in England and Wales now house only sex offenders as the number of abusers has rocketed to more than 11,000, Chris Grayling, the Justice Secretary, has disclosed.

He set out new plans to cope with the rise – largely driven by longer sentences being handed down – including restricting specialist treatment courses to high risk offenders only.

It means lower risk sex attackers will now no longer be eligible to take part in the courses and will instead be offered “more appropriate interventions”, a Ministry of Justice spokesman said.

Mr. Grayling said it was a departure from a “one size fits all” approach, but critics will seize on the move as a failure to provide enough places on courses designed to stop sex crimes being carried out.

Eight jails are now wholly for sex offenders compared with five a year ago, with 20 more offering specialist courses.  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/11001309/Eight-jails-now-hold-only-sex-offenders-says-Chris-Grayling.html

There are so many other cultures which are beginning to decrease their prison rates by utilizing showing compassion for human beings through means of therapy.  A big therapy which has helped myself from devastating nerve pain, has been music and it does work and it pain hates music and since it helps with my pain, why can’t we use this as a tool to help others with all kinds of pains, from crime, mental illness, kids with ADD, ADHD, kids who have seizures, our seniors in nursing homes with Alzheimer, which I still do believe is a slavery to our seniors mentality by keeping them doped up with medications, gaining monetary from all of these so negative things is what I pray that we begin to address and change in the United States.

TAKE A LOOK AT WHAT BRAZIL IS DOING! 

According to the New York Times article, “In Brazil, Some Inmates Get Therapy With Hallucinogenic Tea” by Simon Romero, March 28, 2015.

Many people in Brazil, where conservative politicians are growing in strength as they vow to crack down on crime in a country with more homicides per year than any other, remain unconvinced. Therapists who volunteer at Acuda said they had lost clients in their private practices who disagreed with providing such attention to convicts. Some relatives of victims who suffered at the hands of the Acuda prisoners contend that the project is unfair.

“Where are the massages and the therapy for us?” asked Paulo Freitas, 48, a manager at a leather factory whose 18-year-old daughter, Naiara, a college student, was kidnapped, raped and murdered in Pôrto Velho in 2013 by a group of men, a crime that stunned many people in this corner of the Amazon.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/29/world/americas/a-hallucinogenic-tea-time-for-some-brazilian-prisoners.html?smid=fb-share&_r=0

“If thou wouldst rule well, thou must rule for God, and to do that, thou must be ruled by him….Those who will not be governed by God will be ruled by tyrants.” –William Penn

References

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/29/world/americas/a-hallucinogenic-tea-time-for-some-brazilian-prisoners.html?smid=fb-share&_r=0

http://www.businessinsider.com/why-norways-prison-system-is-so-successful-2014-12#ixzz3ViHOclVq

  1. Paul Guerino, Paige M. Harrison, and William J. Sabol, Prisoners in 2010 (Revised) (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011); and Sara Wakefield and Christopher Uggen, “Incarceration and Stratification,” Annual Review of Sociology 36 (2010): 387-206. Clarification, Oct. 28, 2014: There were 740,000 inmates in city and county jails and other facilities in the U.S. in 2010; about 5 percent of these were in state and federal custody. Counting the local jail population, the total incarcerated population in 2010 was about 2.3 million. See: Todd Minton, Jail Inmates at Mid-Year 2010—Statistical Tables (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011).
  2. Guerino, Harrison and Sabol, Prisoners in 2010.
  3. Bruce Western and Becky Pettit, “Incarceration and Social Inequality,” Daedalus 139, no. 3 (2010): 8-19.
  4. Guerino, Harrison, and Sabol, Prisoners in 2010.
  5. Desiree Evans, “Doing Time in the South,” Institute for Southern Studies (March 5, 2009).
  6. The Pew Center on the States, One in 100: Behind Bars in America 2008 (Washington, DC: Pew Charitable Trusts, 2008); and Guerino, Harrison and Sabol, Prisoners in 2010.
  7. Becky Pettit, Invisible Men: Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2012).
  8. Western and Pettit, “Incarceration and Social Inequality.”

Source: Becky Pettit, Invisible Men: Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress (New York: Russell Sage Foundation: 2012).

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